•  1564: Birth of Shakespeare•  1570: Glynde Place completed by William Morley•  1577: Drake begins round the world voyage•  1587: Mary Queen of Scots executed•  1588: Spanish Armada defeated•  1600: East India Co. founded•  1605: Guy Fawkes' Gunpowder Plot•  1620: "Pilgrim Fathers" land in New England•  1642: English Civil War begins•  1649: Charles I executed•  1658: Death of Oliver Cromwell•  1665: Great Plague in London•  1666: Great Fire of London•  1675: Greenwich Royal Observatory founded•  1692: Glencoe Massacre•  1694: Bank of England founded•  1701: Jethro Tull invents the Seed Drill•  1702: King William III dies•  1703: The Great Storm - worst ever recorded in British Isles•  1707: Act of Union unites English & Scottish Parliaments•  1714: George I crowned•  1720: South Sea Bubble financial collapse•  1721: 1st Prime Minister - Robert Walpole•  1723: Christopher Wren dies•  1739: Britain & Spain start War of Jenkins' Ear•  1746: Battle of Culloden•  1750: Death of JS Bach•  1753: British Museum founded•  1759: Death of Handel•  1761: Richard Ellman moves to Glynde•  1764: Hargreaves invents Spinning Jenny•  1770: New South Wales discovered by James Cook•  1773: Boston Tea Party•  1774: Priestley discovers oxygen•  1775: American War of Independence starts•  1776: American Declaration of Independence•  1783: First hot air balloon flights•  1789: French Revolution begins•  1800: Act of Union creates United Kingdom of Great Britain & Ireland•  1802: Beethoven debuts Moonlight Sonata•  1803: Start of Napoleonic Wars•  1805: Battle of Trafalgar: Death of Nelson•  1807: Slave trade abolished•  1815: End of Napoleonic Wars•  1825: 1st railway opens (Stockton - Darlington)•  1829: Metropolitan Police founded•  1832: Morse invents Electric Telegraph•  1837: Queen Victoria crowned•  1838: National Gallery founded•  1840: Queen Victora & Prince Albert marry•  1841: Glynde School built•  1842: Irish "Potato Famine" starts•  1847: British Museum founded•  1848: Marx & Engels write Communist Manifesto•  1851: Great Exhibition opens in Hyde Park•  1854: Start of Crimean War•  1859: Darwin's Origin of Species published•  1861: American Civil War begins•  1865: Salvation Army founded•  1869: Suez Canal opened•  1871: Trades Unions legalised•  1872: Secret ballots introduced for elections•  1873: Dr Livingstone dies•  1876: Bell invents telephone•  1878: Electric light bulb invented•  1881: Pasteur invents innoculation•  1884: Fabian Society founded•  1884: Speaker Brand retires•  1885: Glynde & Beddingham Cricket Club founded•  1887: Queen Victoria's Jubilee•  1894: Manchester Ship Canal opened•  1899: Boer War starts•  1901: Queen Victoria dies•  1903: 1st aeroplane flight by Wright Bros.•  1905: Ragged Lands established•  1909: Introduction of Old Age Pension•  1912: Sinking of the Titanic•  1914: Start of 1st World War•  1916: Battle of the Somme•  1918: End of 1st World War•  1919: 1st trans-atlantic flight•  1920: League of Nations founded•  1922: Irish Free State founded•  1924: Lenin dies•  1926: General Strike•  1928: Women get the vote•  1934: Hitler assumes power in Germany•  1936: Regular BBC TV broadcasts begin•  1939: Start of 2nd World War•  1940: Dunkirk evacuation•  1941: Japanese attack Pearl Harbour•  1944: "D-Day" landings in France•  1945: End of 2nd World War•  1946: USA tests atom bomb at Bikini Island•  1947: Sound Barrier broken•  1948: NHS founded•  1950: Korean War starts•  1951: Suez "Crisis"•  1953: Queen Elizabeth II crowned•  1954: Bannister runs 1st 4 minute mile•  1955: ITV starts broadcasting•  1955: Glynde Place opened to the public•  1957: 1st dog in space•  1958: Gatwick Airport opened•  1959: M1, the 1st motoway, opened•  1961: 1st man in space•  1963: US President Kennedy assassinated•  1965: Post Office Tower opened•  1966: England win World Cup•  1967: 1st heart transplant•  1968: Martin Luther King assassinated•  1969: 1st men on the moon•  1970: North Sea Oil discovered•  1971: Decimal coins introduced•  1972: "Bloody Sunday", 13 killed in Derry•  1974: US President Nixon resigned•  1976: Harold Wilson resigned as PM•  1978: 1st "Test Tube" baby born•  1979: Margaret Thatcher elected, UK's 1st woman PM•  1981: Prince Charles married Lady Di•  1982: Falklands War•  1984: Miners' Strike starts•  1985: Live Aid concert•  1987: Hurricane lashes South Coast•  1987: "Black Monday" Stock Market crash
Littledene Cottages: 1563-2017
Beddingham church and Court House Farm in a photograph by Tom Pickard, c 1905
Beddingham church and Court House Farm in a photograph by Tom Pickard, c 1905
Southdown ewe and lamb, bred by Thomas Ellman of Court House Farm, Beddingham. Illustration from the Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1882.
Southdown ewe and lamb, bred by Thomas Ellman of Court House Farm, Beddingham. Illustration from the Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1882.
Owner
FromNameUntil
1562Sir Edward Windsor1563
1563Glynde Estate?
Occupier
FromNameUntil
1563John Walker1563
1574Bartholomew Garrowey1574
1625Christopher Younge1645
1698John Crawley1723
1750William Crawley1767
1768Thomas Soloman1773
1774Thomas Soloman & Thomas Carr1788
1789Thomas Carr1807
1810Launcelot Carr1816
1819John Ellman the younger1828
1831Thomas Ellman1866
1867Charles Ellis1876
1878Thomas Ellman1892
1899William Hugh Moren Killick1924
1927Sidney Pile1938

Like many of the farms in Beddingham the history of Court Farm is difficult to trace as a whole. There had been three manors in Beddingham: Beddingham, Combe and Preston Beckhelwyn, and each would probably have had its own manor house and demesne land that went with the manor house and provided income for the lord of the manor.

William Morley, owner of the Glynde estate, purchased the manors of Beddingham and Combe in 1563 from Sir Edward Windsor for £1400. The manors comprised 26 messuageHouse or dwelling,
inc. outbuildings &
orchard, courtyard
or gardens
s, 20 cottages, 6 barns, 1 dovehouse, 3 gardens, 2 orchards, 600 acres of land, 60 acres of meadow, 500 acres of pasture, 10 acres of wood, 50 acres of fresh marsh, and realised 40s in [manorial] rent.

Part of the premises were occupied by John Walker at a rent of £20 a year with a provision that at the end of Walker's lease it would pass to Bartholomew Garrowey.

However, the purchase does not appear to have gone entirely smoothly. In a lease and agreement of 22 June 1574 between William Morley and Bartholomew Garrowey of Beddingham, gent, Morley and his family had the use of the 'new lodging', the old parlour and the buttery within the parlour, the study by the parlour, the 'Canabie' chamber and the study within the same, the coal house, the wet larder and the room above. Morley and Garrowey had the use in common of the barns called the Great Barn and the West Barn, the stable next to the men servants lodging and the little room in the stable and the hay loft above, the 'Conigree' and the garden.

The agreement also recites that Garrowey had surrendered his lease to William Morley for £300 but the premises were leased to Garrowey again from Michaelmas [29 September] next. There were 50 acres of wheat, 60 acres of barley, 20 acres of pease with beans and 40 acres of meadow mowed or ready to be mowed, and Morley allowed Garrowey to have the corn, grass and hay until the following Whitsun.

The same day Bartholomew Garrowey surrendered his claim to the manor of Beddingham to William Morley.

These premises then became all or part of what is now known as Court House Farm, the manor house becoming the farmhouse.

In 1625 William Morley's son Robert leased the "site of the manor of Beddingham, barns, etc and demesne lands, and all the demesne lands of the manor of Combe, all in Beddingham, to Christopher Younge of Beddingham, yeoman, for 21 years at a rent of £195 a year". Younge was already the occupier of the farm so this was a renewal of the lease. The manor of Combe had by this time lost its manor house and the demesne lands had now become part of what is now known as Court House Farm.

In 1698 the two farms had separated. Combe Farm, 140 acres, was let to Richard Ifold of Beddingham, yeoman, at £60 a year, and "Court Lodge, barn, stables, etc, Court Farm, and 205 acres in Beddingham, Glynde and South Malling" were let to John Crawley of Beddingham, yeoman, for 4 years at £125 per year.

In 1708 John Morley Trevor, owner of the Glynde Estate, leased Court Farm, now 211 acres, and Combe Farm, 140 acres, to John Crawley, for 15 years at £213 a year.

In 1775 the farm was leased for 16 years at £300 to Thomas Soloman and Thomas Carr of Beddingham, gentlemen, and in 1839 it was let to Thomas Ellman of Beddingham, gent., and son of John Ellman the elder of Glynde, at £550 per annum.

In 1846 George Hylands of Ringmer, butcher, was sentenced to ten years transportation for stealing four sheep from Court House Farm, the property of Thomas Ellman.

In 1867 the estate re-organised their farms in Beddingham and a farm containing 943 acres and including Court House, Little Preston, and part of Cobb Place, lately occupied by Thomas Ellman, John Jenner and Henry Perceval Hart, was leased at £1500 a year to Charles Ellis of Streat Place in Streat, Sussex.

The re-organisation of the farms was reversed by 1878 when Thomas Ellman returned to the farm as tenant.

Other pages for this property:  


Littledene Cottages: Now

 

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